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Additional collections of scanned books, articles, and other texts (usually organized by topic) are presented here.

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Public schools have come under enormous pressure in recent years to demonstrate academic gains and to address deeply rooted disparities among students of different races, ethnic groups, and income levels. Clearly, boosting academic achievement should be a top priority. Less evident, however, is the long-term effect of supporting this goal by diverting attention and funding from programs that have traditionally supported student health and well-being. This study investigated how gains in test...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physical Health, Income, Ethnic Groups, Risk, Health Needs, Accountability, Academic...
This report points out that over the past decade, largely as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement, enormous growth has characterized the border economy on both the U.S. and Mexican sides. With job creation came a population surge. The boom has occurred without planning, however. It has led to jobs but not prosperity. Its results have included crises in housing and health care, a water shortage, environmental degradation and a rise in environmental health concerns, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Improvement, International Trade, Academic...
With "No Child Left Behind (NCLB)" holding schools accountable for how all students learn, schools and their teachers must ensure that every student has access to the standard curriculum. Publishers, researchers, and other curriculum developers are working to create curricular materials that meet the needs of a diverse student population, but it will be some years before these are available in all classrooms. Meanwhile, teachers do not have time to wait. They must act now to meet the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Assistive Technology, Word Processing, Student Diversity, Computer Uses in Education,...
The brief identifies key issues related to online learning that, if appropriately addressed, increase the likelihood of student success. It is intended primarily for districts or schools that are considering participating in an online learning program to expand course options, as well as for entities considering developing an online learning program. While some issues addressed in this brief pertain directly to participating schools, most fall within the purview of the online learning program...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary School Curriculum, Web Based Instruction, Online Courses, Program...
This brief examines student achievement in California. It describes California's evolving accountability and assessment mechanisms and how they interrelate today with new federal accountability requirements. It presents WestEd's analysis of achievement scores on state as well as national tests. Finally, it draws four conclusions: California continues to rank at or near the bottom among states, though the lag is not profound and must be considered in light of California's distinct demographics;...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Accountability, Academic Achievement, Federal Legislation, State Standards, National...
This brief reports on WestEd's review of California's graduation rate. It examines the methodological debate, provides comparisons between California and other states, and shows California results by race and ethnicity (including data from several of the state's large school districts). Finally, it draws three conclusions: (1) the state's graduation rate is approximately 70 percent, with wide variations across districts; (2) the rate has been relatively stable over time; and (3) a racial/ethnic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Race, School Districts, Graduation Rate, Ethnic Groups, High School Graduates,...
This Policy Brief examines the problems created by lack of K?16 alignment and identifies various local partnerships and systemic collaborations that are making a difference for students, their teachers, and their colleges. Additionally, a number of policy recommendations derived from these early successes are offered in support of increased K?16 collaboration and coherence.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Partnerships in Education, College School Cooperation, Cooperative Programs,...
This Knowledge Brief argues for the value of creating a district accountability system that complements the state?s federally prescribed effort. It also identifies essential decisions that must be made in developing a local system and includes or points to resources that can help inform and guide the process. No Child Left Behind (NCLB) requires all states to develop an accountability system that includes statewide academic standards, state assessments aligned to the standards, and student...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, State Standards, Student Evaluation, Accountability, Federal...
An ever-increasing proportion of high school students in the United States today aspire to graduate from college. Yet statistics indicate that the percentage of college students receiving bachelor's degrees has remained relatively constant over the past 25 years, that it now takes on average 6 years to get a four-year college degree, and that somewhere between 30 percent and 60 percent of students now require remedial education upon entry to college, depending on the type of instruction they...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teaching Methods, Educational Change, Academic Achievement, College Preparation,...
Americans have concluded that the achievement gap is the fault of "failing schools" because it makes no common sense that it could be otherwise. After all, how much money a family has, or a child's skin color, should not influence how well that child learns to read. If teachers know how to teach and if schools permit no distractions, children should be able to learn these subjects whatever their family income or skin color. This document describes a series of reforms in addition to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Academic Achievement, Educational Improvement, Family Income,...
In recent years, the debate over teacher quality and preparation has gained new urgency. Competing groups of partisans have dominated this debate: one seemingly eager to assail the nation's education schools and to suggest that there is an insufficiently defined body of professional teaching knowledge, the other committed to advancing professionalism by ensuring that all teachers are prepared and licensed through a prescribed and formal training program. Experts even disagree about what...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Education, Teacher Education Programs, Teacher...
Recent studies have found that investing in high-quality early childhood development (ECD) programs can positively impact children, their families, taxpayers, and the government. Studies suggest that one critical form of education, early childhood development is grossly under-funded and managed, investment in ECD yields an extraordinary return on most investments, private or public. In the future any proposed economic development list should have early childhood development at the top. This...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Children, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality, Program Effectiveness,...
"Policy Perspectives" presents visiting authors' own views and/or research on issues relevant to schools and communities nationwide. The idea that reading skill is largely a set of general-purpose maneuvers that can be applied to any and all texts is one of the main barriers to our children's overall low achievement in reading, argues the author of this "Policy Perspectives." It leads to activities that are deadening for agile and eager minds, and it carries huge opportunity...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Reading Comprehension, Federal Legislation, Educational Philosophy, Low Achievement,...
The College Board, NASSP and ASCA believe that the principal-counselor relationship is a dynamic and organic relationship that evolves over time in response to the ever-changing needs of a school. The goal of an effective principal-counselor relationship is to use the strength of the relationship to collaboratively lead school reform efforts to increase achievement for all students. The desired outcome of an effective principal-counselor relationship is to raise achievement levels for all...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Objectives, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement, School...
Across the country, large numbers of young people are dreaming about and planning on attending college. A poll released in 2005 showed that 87 percent of all young people want to go to college. Often, however, parents' and students' dreams for the future are not being realized. Many young people never enroll in a postsecondary institution, and of those who do enroll in college, few graduate. A labor market skills gap accompanies this crisis in high school and college completion. Unlike a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Expertise, Credentials, Labor Market, Skilled Workers, Educational Change, Education...
When the Commission on Access, Admissions and Success in Higher Education (subsequently referred to as the commission) convened in fall 2008, the educational landscape was facing a number of issues that the commission's members recognized as formidable challenges to those students who aspire to enroll and succeed in college. Summarizing the commission's 2008 report, "Coming to Our Senses: Education and the American Future," college and high school completion rates had dropped...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Minority Groups, Higher Education, Graduation Rate, Educational...
This survey of more than 5,300 middle school and high school counselors reveals deep concerns within the profession and sheds light on opportunities to better utilize these valuable leaders in America's schools. The frustrations and hopes of school counselors reflect the central message of this report: school counseling as a profession is at a crossroads. Despite the aspirations of counselors to effectively help students succeed in school and fulfill their dreams, the mission and roles of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Counseling, School Counselors, Middle Schools, High Schools, Surveys, Role,...
In the summer of 2008, the College Board, the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) and the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) designed a Web-based survey on the principal-counselor relationship. Invitations to take the survey were sent to 16,901 individuals: 4,846 principals from NASSP membership lists; 4,772 counselors from ASCA membership lists; and 7,283 individuals who had attended counseling workshops at the College Board the previous fall. A total of 2,386...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Planning, Educational Change, School Counselors, Social Development,...
The published prices on which the analysis in "Trends in College Pricing" is based come from data reported by institutions on the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges. This survey, which is distributed to nearly 4,000 postsecondary institutions across the country, collects a wealth of data on enrollment, admission, degrees and majors, tuition, financial aid, and other aspects of undergraduate education. "Trends in College Pricing 2011" presents detailed data on public...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Financial Aid, Open Enrollment, Tuition, Educational Finance, Public...
Students who attend institutions of higher education obtain a wide range of personal, financial, and other lifelong benefits; likewise, taxpayers and society as a whole derive a multitude of direct and indirect benefits when citizens have access to postsecondary education. Accordingly, uneven rates of participation in higher education across different segments of U.S. society should be a matter of urgent concern not only to the individuals directly affected, but also to public policymakers at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Benefits, College Attendance, Racial Differences,...
"Trends in Student Aid," an annual College Board publication since 1983, is a compendium of detailed, up-to-date information on the funding that is available to help students pay for college. This report sorts aid into grants, loans, tax benefits, and Federal Work-Study assistance. It documents funding from federal and state governments, colleges and universities, employers, and other private sources. It examines changes in funding levels over time, reports on the distribution of aid...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Higher Education, Full Time Equivalency, Tax Credits, Federal...
When the Commission on Access, Admissions and Success in Higher Education (subsequently referred to as the commission) convened in fall 2008, the educational landscape was facing a number of issues that the commission's members recognized as formidable challenges to those students who aspire to enroll and succeed in college. Summarizing the commission's 2008 report, "Coming to Our Senses: Education and the American Future," college and high school completion rates had dropped...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Credentials, Academic Persistence, Young Adults, Associate Degrees, Minority Groups,...
State public policy has been an important tool for improving the educational preparation and opportunity for many communities. However, without concerted statewide efforts it will continue to be difficult to substantially expand opportunities to accelerate higher education attainment and workforce preparation. Over the next 15 years, the states will experience a profound demographic shift as the baby boomer generation retires. In many states, this process has already begun. Following in their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Public Policy, State Surveys, Educational...
There are formidable challenges at every level of the system that confront students who aspire to enroll and succeed in college. In 2007, the College Board formed the Commission on Access, Admissions and Success in Higher Education to study the educational pipeline as a single continuum and identify solutions to increase the number of students who graduate from college and are prepared to succeed in the 21st century. The commission found that a "torrent of American talent and human...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Policy, State Action, State Legislation, State Surveys, Educational...
When the Commission on Access, Admissions and Success in Higher Education (subsequently referred to as the commission) convened in the fall of 2008, the educational landscape included a number of issues that the commission's members recognized as formidable challenges to those students who aspire to enroll and succeed in college. The Commission's 2008 report, "Coming to Our Senses: Education and the American Future," painted a disheartening portrait of recent trends in education:...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Partnerships in Education, Educational Assessment, Educational Attainment,...
The goal of this study was straightforward: Bring the experiences of minority male students to life in a way that makes their voice central to the conversation about transforming the education system to improve their college experience and completion rates. To capture the student's voice, the researchers conducted an interlocking set of research activities, including individual, group and peer-to-peer interviews (in person and remote); on-site observations; and self-documentation exercises. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Experience, Males, Minority Group Students, Minority Groups, Student...
This report seeks to give a balanced view of the issues that exist for young men of color as identified by the research. Its particular value is that it looks at six distinct pathways that young men of color--and all students--take after high school and arranges the research in this way, and for the first time synthesizes the literature for males of all four minority groups--African Americans, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, Hispanics/Latinos and Native Americans and Alaska Natives in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Experience, Minority Groups, Males, Literature Reviews, Case Studies,...
As leading measures of student success and institutional quality, persistence and graduation rates are intensely debated at education conferences, institutional meetings and legislative sessions (Adelman, 1999; American Association of State Colleges and Universities [AASCU], 2002; Gold & Albert, 2006; Perna & Thomas, 2006; Tinto & Pusser, 2006; U.S. Department of Education, 2006). Most of the relevant research that might be cited in these debates has focused on the extent to which...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Evidence, Graduation Rate, Colleges, Academic Persistence, School Holding Power,...
This policy brief provides data on enrollments, prices, student characteristics, student aid, and completion rates at for-profit postsecondary institutions. The evidence provided in this paper is intended to inform discussions of the rapid growth of the sector in recent years. (Contains 4 tables, 5 figures and 3 endnotes.)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Evidence, Educational Finance, Student Financial Aid, Student Characteristics, Trend...
Paying for college is a challenge for many Americans and navigating the financial aid process can be very difficult, especially for low-income and first-generation college students. The College Board commissioned research to learn more about students' and parents' knowledge, beliefs and attitudes about the importance of a college education and how to pay for it. In addition, students and parents who participated in the research were asked to evaluate whether the recommendations of the College...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Focus Groups, Student Financial Aid, Paying for College, Parent Attitudes, Student...
In September 2007, the College Board formed the Task Force on Admissions in the 21st Century in response to a request from the Guidance and Admission Assembly Council (GAA Council) to more closely examine the high-school-to-college transition process. Each spring, at the conclusion of the college admission cycle, there is much discussion in the media and professional circles about the problems experienced by all involved in the transition. Students and parents complained about the lack of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, College Choice, Statistical Analysis, College Admission, Parent...
In the next decade, more than half of all new American jobs will require some postsecondary education, yet the current college attainment rate for the nation is 39 percent. The challenges appear well before students begin college: one in four public high school students fails to graduate on time, and of those who graduate, one-third need remedial courses in college. Meanwhile, school districts, which are aiming to prepare all their students for college and careers, are facing higher standards...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Evidence, Careers, School Counselors, School Counseling,...
Widespread concern about the high and rising price of college makes timely data on tuition increases in historical context particularly important. The increase in average published tuition and fees at public four-year colleges and universities for the 2012-13 academic year is smaller than it has been in recent years--and below the average growth rate for the decade from 2002-03 to 2012-13. But the news about what students actually pay is less encouraging. From 2008-09 to 2010-11, grant aid and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Associate Degrees, Grants, Income, Paying for College, Federal...
The recent focus on student debt makes reliable data about how much students are borrowing, how borrowing patterns differ among students across different types of institutions and at different levels of enrollment, and about changes over time particularly important. While total student borrowing has grown rapidly over the past decade, the rate of growth has decreased in recent years. The total volume of education loans disbursed doubled from $55.7 billion (in 2011 dollars) to $113.4 billion...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Financial Aid, Federal Aid, Grants, Income, Undergraduate Students, Graduate...
"The Electric Company" ("TEC") television show won the hearts of children because it made learning fun. Thirty years later, the iconic show has returned with the goal of not only teaching literacy, but also numeracy (the ability to work with and understand numbers) and mathematics vocabulary in a fun, entertaining, and engaging manner. "The Electric Company" Summer Learning Program curriculum includes: (1) Scripted group facilitation; (2) DVDs of 12 new TEC...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Feedback (Response), Literacy, Phonics, Formative Evaluation, Vocabulary, Numeracy,...
The current political debate over undocumented immigrants in the United States has largely ignored the plight of undocumented children. Yet children account for 1.8 million, or 15 percent, of the undocumented immigrants now living in this country. Although not born in the United States, these children have, for the most part, grown up in the United States and received much of their primary and secondary school education here. Without a means to legalize their status, they are seldom able to go...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Social Mobility, College Admission, Undocumented...
Essential to tracking student success at community colleges is the availability of solid data and commonly defined metrics that go beyond measuring the traditional (and limited) enrollment and graduation rates that these colleges report to the federal government. In particular, what is needed are metrics that illuminate what happens to students between the starting and the ending points: Where do they make progress? Where do they falter? Do they achieve interim milestones? These types of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Two Year College Students, Community Colleges, Enrollment, Remedial Instruction,...
Like the federal Pell Grant program, need-based state grant programs are designed to increase access to higher education among low- and moderate-income students. A growing body of research indicates that adequate funding is a necessary but not sufficient condition for successfully achieving this goal. Aid programs that are easy to understand and to apply for are more effective than the same dollars devoted to more complex, less predictable programs. Consistent with this evidence, the federal...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Taxes, Income, Program Effectiveness, Federal Government, Student Financial Aid,...
On July 24 and 25, 2012, members of the Task Force on Admissions in the 21st Century gathered in Reston, Virginia, to discuss the progress made by the implementation team in addressing action items from the Task Force's Preserving the Dream of America 2008 report; the current environment for admission; and actions to be taken to further the task force's work in the months ahead.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conferences (Gatherings), Advocacy, College Admission, Administrative Policy,...
The implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) over the coming years will provide an opportunity for K-12 and postsecondary educators to share and use data effectively to support alignment between the sectors and reduce the need for remedial education. This brief describes how these groups can work together to make the most of data and their shared expertise to increase the proportion of students who are college ready. It also provides a framework for collecting data and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, State Standards, Alignment (Education), Incidence,...
A college degree is more important than ever before for ensuring the economic prosperity of individuals and for society at large. Individuals with a bachelor's degree who worked full time, year-round in 2008 had median earnings of $55,700, compared to the $21,900 earned by their peers with only a high school diploma (Baum, Ma, and Payea 2010). Despite the many additional benefits associated with college completion, including better health, improved job security, and stronger families and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Labor Market, Evidence, Difficulty Level, High Schools, Outcomes of Education, Course...
In April 2012, more than 100 educators and administrators from across the nation came together in Reston, Virginia, for a full day of meetings and discussions to launch the College Board Advocacy & Policy Center Affinity Network. The Affinity Network's mission is to facilitate students' successful transition from high school to college by: (1) Helping educators across the K-12 and postsecondary sectors understand and agree on common expectations for the nation's students; (2) Serving as an...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education, Cooperation, Social Support...
In 2010, 21 million students across the United States enrolled in one of nearly 4,500 postsecondary degree-granting institutions (Snyder & Dillow, 2011). Students of all academic backgrounds selected institutions they wanted to attend and, likewise, institutions made decisions about which students they wanted to admit. The resulting student-college pairs, observed following students' matriculation decisions, may be evaluated based on the quality of the academic match. In the social science...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Science Research, Literature Reviews, College Choice, Decision Making,...
The Common Core State Standards provide a unique opening for K-12 and higher education institutions to work together to ensure that high school students are better prepared for postsecondary education. The college and career readiness assessments will provide educators the opportunities to intervene with students while still in high school to maximize the likelihood that students will be college ready. The assessments can also open the door to a more nuanced assessment system that considers a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, State Standards, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary...
In 2010, the College Board's Advocacy & Policy Center, with financial support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, initiated a project to identify ways of improving the efficiency of the transfer pathway, a century-old mechanism that provides community college students with an opportunity to earn the baccalaureate degree at four-year institutions. Both organizations understand that the national focus on increasing the number of individuals with credentials and degrees will require...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Credentials, Transfer Policy, Articulation (Education), Transfer Rates (College),...
The Study of Community College Structures for Student Success (SCCSSS) was launched in 2010 with three goals at its center: (1) To explore a set of promising institutional practices and organizational structures identified through theory and research as having the potential to support community college student success; (2) To present a synthesized overview, or matrix, of these promising practices and structures as a tool for community college leaders and practitioners; and (3) To collect...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Holding Power, Community Colleges, Focus Groups, Academic Achievement,...
This study focuses on the postsecondary choices of all SAT[R] takers in the high school graduation cohort of 2006, who graduated from 3,172 public high schools in 17 states where the preponderance of college-aspiring students take the SAT, rather than the ACT. The data set analyzed is constructed by merging the College Board's student-level SAT data to college enrollment data from the National Student Clearinghouse (NSC). The NSC, which is composed of 3,300 participating colleges enrolling 96...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Choice, School Role, High School Graduates, Enrollment Rate, Enrollment...
In 2011, the National Office for School Counselor Advocacy launched a journal series to support and build awareness of the issues and challenges raised by the College Board Advocacy & Policy Center's research report, "The Educational Experience of Young Men of Color" (youngmenofcolor.collegeboard.org.) The intent of the series is to create a forum for school counselors to discuss, reflect on their practice and build their capacity to better serve young men of color. This second...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Minority Groups, African American Students, Males, Educational Experience, Mentors,...
In 2010, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the College Board initiated a project to identify ways of improving the efficiency of the transfer pathway, a century-old mechanism that provides community college students with an opportunity to earn the baccalaureate degree at four-year institutions. Both organizations understand that the national focus on increasing the number of individuals with credentials and degrees will require that transfer play a significant role, especially given...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Credentials, Transfer Policy, College Transfer Students, Community...
Empirical research on the returns to postsecondary education provides a near universal consensus that college confers numerous advantages for both individuals and society. Not only do individuals with a college degree earn more money than their peers with only a high school degree, they lead healthier lifestyles, experience greater job satisfaction, and engage in more civic activity (Baum, Ma, & Payea, 2010). The analyses conducted in this brief show that college price and degree completion...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Choice, Academic Persistence, Graduation Rate, Educational Attainment, Costs,...
Securing a higher level of performance in all schools in all settings has been a major priority of governments in Australia for nearly 40 years. With the first decade of the 21st century drawing to a close, a sense of urgency has grown. The Australian federal government is seeking an education revolution through an unprecedented partnership with state governments, known as "new federalism." While the term "turn-around school" has not been adopted in Australia, policymakers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Federal State Relationship, Educational Change, School Turnaround,...
This case study describes the school turnaround programs underway as of summer 2009 in Ontario, Canada. In particular, it focuses on the policies and efforts of the Ontario Ministry of Education (MOE) and an MOE department, the Literacy and Numeracy Secretariat (LNS), to support low-performing schools across the province. The report begins with a description of public schooling in Ontario, followed by a review of the existing school improvement efforts, especially those related to specific...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Improvement, Numeracy, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, State...
Across focus groups consisting of current and former community college students in four states (Florida, North Carolina, Ohio, and Texas), a consistent message resounded: Students want to be more connected to their colleges, from the moment they enter until the day they complete their studies. They want to feel more connected to faculty, staff, and peers. They want to be more engaged by their classes and to feel more supported by services they receive. And they want to see colleges be more...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Attitudes, Community Colleges, College Students, Focus Groups, Student...
This case study explores the United Kingdom's (UK's) approach to improving low-performing schools and presents lessons learned that could be applied in other countries. The study: (1) Gives an overview of the overall structure of UK schools; (2) Provides a context for the country's school-improvement efforts; (3) Reviews the different types of evidence used to inform school improvement strategies and how those strategies have evolved over time; and (4) Describes how poor performance was...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Improvement, Foreign Countries, Case Studies, Educational Change,...
New Zealand (NZ), a small country of 4.3 million people, has a single national education system. Local authorities have no role in education in NZ, nor are there any school districts. There are four national government education agencies: (1) The Ministry of Education (MOE), established under the Education Act of 1989, is responsible for education policy advice to the government and implementation of government policy, including regulating the New Zealand Curriculum and the National Education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Case Studies, Governance, Educational...
Math in Common® (MiC) is a five-year initiative that supports a formal network of 10 California school districts as they implement the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics (CCSS-M) across grades K-8. In spring 2015, WestEd administered surveys to understand the perspectives on Common Core State Standards-Mathematics (CCSS-M) implementation of teachers and administrators in eight California school districts participating in the Math in Common (MiC) initiative. Over 1,000 respondents...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Education, Curriculum Implementation, Formative Evaluation, Teacher...
This report documents the work of one component of a larger research effort. The objective of the project is to understand what schools of education are doing to prepare teachers to use data in their practice. The issue is multifaceted, complex, and systemic. Schools of education do not act alone to suddenly introduce courses on data-driven decision making into their curricula because they have a whim to do so, or because policymakers say that data literacy among educators is important. Schools...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Schools of Education, Preservice Teacher Education, Teacher Education Programs,...
This report documents the work of one component of a larger research effort. The objective of the project is to understand what schools of education are doing to prepare teachers to use data in their practice. The issue is multifaceted, complex, and systemic. Schools of education do not act alone to suddenly introduce courses on data-driven decision making into their curricula because they have a whim to do so or because policymakers say that data literacy among educators is important. Schools...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Schools of Education, Preservice Teacher Education, Teacher Education Programs,...
This report documents the work of one component of a larger research effort. The objective of the project is to understand what schools of education are doing to prepare teachers to use data in their practice. The issue is multifaceted, complex, and systemic. Schools of education do not act alone to suddenly introduce courses on data-driven decision making into their curricula because they have a whim to do so or because policymakers say that data literacy among educators is important. Schools...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Data, Decision Making, Information Literacy, Teacher Certification, State Standards,...
This report is part of a larger body of work by the WestEd Justice and Prevention Research Center focusing on restorative justice (RJ) as an alternative to traditional responses to student misbehavior in schools across the United States. This work seeks to document the current breadth of evidence on the subject, provide a more comprehensive picture of how RJ practices are implemented in schools, and lay the groundwork for future research, implementation, and policy. The Robert Wood Johnson...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Justice, Conflict Resolution, Program Implementation, Literature Reviews, Surveys,...
It is often claimed that theory of mind is facilitated by pretend play. This perspective piece challenges that view, proposing instead that theory of mind might be useful for driving social pretend play, rather than the reverse. There is a fundamental similarity between pretend play and theory of mind. Pretend play involves projecting a different reality onto a situation, all while knowing what the real situation is. Similarly, understanding false belief--a foundational skill in theory of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Theory of Mind, Play, Young Children, Theories, Research, Correlation, Dore, Rebecca...
This guide presents a data-driven, research-based process--referred to as the "school-community forum process"--for increasing youth voice, promoting resilience, strengthening adult-youth connections, and ultimately, for improving schools. It uses a "student listening circle"--a special type of focus group involving eight to ten student participants who respond to five or six questions determined from data on resilience and non-academic barriers to learning. A separate...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Partnerships in Education, Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, School...
There is substantial work being done--in California and nationwide--to develop college readiness standards; expand concurrent enrollment programs; communicate clearly about the key cognitive strategies necessary for postsecondary success (e.g., analytical thinking); improve student supports; and implement other approaches to improve students' postsecondary readiness and success. This report focuses on assessment and placement processes, pivotal pieces of this picture because they determine...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, College Readiness, Student Placement,...
In 2015, Fong, Finkelstein, Jaeger, Diaz, and Broek reported the findings from an independent evaluation of the Expository Reading and Writing Course (ERWC). The evaluation found positive and statistically significant effects of the ERWC on student achievement. Due to some concerns that the previously reported results in Fong et al. (2015) did not account for the possibility that students who were taught by the same teacher may have correlated error terms, an additional ordinary least squares...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Expository Writing, Regression (Statistics), Least Squares Statistics, Reading...
This policy report defines and provides a 50-state review of teacher license reciprocity, explores how state-specific licensing requirements impact the teacher labor market, and includes examples of national and state efforts to facilitate reciprocity.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Certification, Geographic Location, Interstate Programs, Labor Market,...
Concerned with low on-time graduation rates, state lawmakers continue to turn to outcomes-based funding (OBF) as one policy approach to support postsecondary degree attainment and workforce goals. Policymakers have also been confronted with constituent complaints about student debt loads, course schedules and academic programs that force students to enroll in additional terms, and transfer policies that require students to retake courses already completed at other public two- and four-year...
Topics: ERIC Archive, State Aid, Funding Formulas, Outcomes of Education, School Holding Power, At Risk...
Assessments come in many forms in part because they serve many purposes, and those purposes often vary by the stakeholders they support. Students, parents, teachers, and school, district and state leaders may all be end users of the information provided by various assessments. This brief supports state leaders' understanding of assessments by first classifying and categorizing assessments and then providing an overview of common terms used when choosing and utilizing assessments.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Assessment, Student Evaluation, Guides,...
As schools across the state implement the Next Generation Science Standards, this EdSource primer provides an easy-to-read guide for parents and other community members to understand the rationale for the standards and their potential to affect science instruction in California schools. California adopted the Next Generation Science Standards, or NGSS, in 2013, representing the first update to the state's science standards in nearly two decades. The new standards will significantly shape how...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Instruction, Academic Standards, Teaching Methods, Instructional Innovation,...
Measurement invariance (MI) is a property of measurement that is often implicitly assumed, but in many cases, not tested. When the assumption of MI is tested, it generally involves determining if the measurement holds longitudinally or cross-culturally. A growing literature shows that other groupings can, and should, be considered as well. Additionally, it is noted that the standard techniques for investigating MI have been focused almost exclusively on the case of 2 groups, with very little...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Psychology, Measurement, Error of Measurement, Measurement Objectives, Measurement...
The purpose of the study was to determine whether individual differences in at-risk 4th graders' language comprehension, nonverbal reasoning, concept formation, working memory, and use of decimal labels (i.e., place value, point, incorrect place value, incorrect fraction, or whole number) are related to their decimal magnitude understanding. Students (n = 127) completed 6 cognitive assessments, a decimal labeling assessment, and 3 measures of decimal magnitude understanding (i.e., comparing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Ability, Arithmetic, Fractions, At Risk Students, Elementary School...
To learn from an error, students must correct the error by engaging in sense-making activities around the error. Past work has looked at how supporting collaboration around errors affects learning. This paper attempts to shed further light on the role that collaboration can play in the process of overcoming an error. We found that good collaboration is more likely to happen after an error occurs "and" after a student has requested and discussed a hint with their partner than at either...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education,...
The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine early intervention (EI) service providers'perceptions of the roles played by fathers in services, as well as their perceptions of the barriers that limit fathers from being engaged in the services provided for families of children with disabilities. A total of 511 EI service providers participated in an online survey. Findings revealed a significant gap between EI providers' perceptions of the impact fathers can have on their children with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Parent Participation, Fathers, Early Intervention, Parent Role, Barriers,...
To be able to provide better support for collaborative learning in Intelligent Tutoring Systems, it is important to understand how collaboration patterns change. Prior work has looked at the interdependencies between utterances and the change of dialogue over time, but it has not addressed how dialogue changes during a lesson, an analysis that allows us to investigate the adaptivity of student strategies as students gain domain knowledge. We address this question by analyzing the shift in types...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Feedback (Response), Cooperative Learning, Group...
While collaborative Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) have been designed for older students and have been shown to support sense-making behaviors, there has not been as much work on creating systems to support collaboration between elementary school students. We have developed and tested, with 84 students, individual and collaborative versions of an ITS that supports students' learning of equivalent fractions. The current paper presents preliminary data analysis focused on understanding what...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Elementary School Students, Fractions, Cooperative...
Equipping students with ASD for a good life after high school is the overarching goal of secondary special education services and supports. In this paper, we review important elements of effective transition education for adolescents with ASD. First,we review recent findings related to the post-school employment, education, and independent living outcomes of young adults with ASD. Next, we describe a framework for addressing three important aspects of secondary schooling: rigor, relevance, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Adolescent Development, Transitional...